Photograph of Washington's Schuetzen Park

Washington DC Schuetzen Park circa 1870s

During the closing days of the Civil War, Washington’s Schuetzen Park was opened. Schuetzen Parks were quite popular with German-American citizens at the time, and many cities throughout the U.S. had them. These facilities oftentimes were the German-American version of country clubs, where marksmanship, rather than golf, was featured.

Washington's Schuetzen Park Newspaper Clipping NY Times

NY Times, May 18, 1887

Schuetzen Rifles are specially designed single-shot target rifles, made specifically for sport.

Between 1875-1945, this style of rifle and contest was very popular with competition shooters.

Many Schuetzen Rifles, in addition to their accuracy, were works of art that had elaborate locking systems, precision sights, double triggers, and sculptured cheek-pieces.

In addition to having a shooting-range, many Schuetzen parks also had other amenities. Many had drinking pavilions, as well as family-oriented amusements and activities. Quite frequently, Schuetzen parks also held festivals and galas, open to the general public.

Washington’s Schuetzen Park was no different. It attracted many Washingtonians of German-American ancestry, including those upwardly mobile and well-to-do.

But the park’s revelries didn’t just attract German-Americans; the park equally attracted other Americans from around the Washington DC area — including Presidents, dignitaries, and politicians.

In 1879 fire destroyed the park, but it was rebuilt the following year. It wasn’t until 1891 when the park was finally closed.

The Soldiers’ Home, another Washington DC landmark, was situated less than a mile away. New laws in the city forbade the sale of alcohol within a mile of the Home — which in turn, yielded additional challenges for any efforts to rebuild the park.

Soon after the park’s closing, the land was re-purposed, and used to help create the affluent neighborhoods of Park View, Washington D.C.

Schuetzen Rifle

Typical 19th Century Schuetzen Rifle

Ironically, less than 80 years after the range closed, the city of Washington D.C. abolished its citizens’ rights to gun ownership.

Numismatic Specimen

Pictured below is a Washington Schuetzen Park token. Listed in David E. Schenkman’s Merchant Tokens of Washington, D.C. as W35-10a, its grade is estimated at Almost Uncirculated.

It is not clear as to whether the ’10’ denotes a monetary value. Other Washington Schuetzen Park tokens in denominations of 5 and 25 exist.

Similar tokens in the same denominations exist for Baltimore as well. Schenkman provides no rarity information for any of them.

Washington's Schuetzen Park 10-cent token Schenkman W35-10a

Washington’s Schuetzen Park 10-cent token Schenkman W35-10a

Aaron Packard [End Mark]

Notes and Sources

  1. The Library of Congress Digital Archives
  2. Washington Historical Society
  3. Park View, Kent C. Boese, Lauri Hafvenstein, Arcadia Publishing, ©2011
  4. The New York Times, May 18, 1967
  5. The Los Angeles Silhouette Club
  6. Schützenverein, Wikipedia

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The author has over 30 years experience in North American numismatics. He is the author of numerous articles about exonumia, including those about tokens, scrip, and the public who used them. He is a member of the ANA, VNA, ACC, C4, CWTS, TAMS, MD-TAMS, AVA, NSCA, and NumisSociety.
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