Born in Appomattox Virginia in 1834, Charles John Raine arrived in Lynchburg Virginia sometime in the mid-1850s. Shortly after his arrival, he formed a partnership with Robert Henry Glass, and the two men opened a clothing store…
The enigmatic Beck’s Public Baths token has been a numismatic mystery since the latter part of the 19th century. With its lone obverse device depicting a woman bathing, the only aspect of the token which exceeds the token’s mystery is the beauty of the woman herself. The reverse of the
Very little is known about the enigmatic John Burns token of Staunton Virginia. Schenkman lists no such token in his Virginia Tokens book, and there exists no Miller number. Rulau has but one scant listing in his Volume 4 edition
Referred to as the first Confederate Cent by historians and numismatists alike, cent-sized tokens issued by a hotel in Alexandria Virginia began appearing in transactions throughout the Commonwealth. Originating from the Marshall House Hotel in 1859
James E. Wolff, a proprietor of hats, caps, and furs in Petersburg Virginia, issued his circulating tokens in the 1850s before the American Civil War. Born on October 4th 1812, Wolff grew up in Petersburg, spending all of his childhood and adult life in the southern Virginia city. As a
For many workers and families who worked mines and inhabited coal towns, English was a second or third language. As new immigrants recently settled in the United States, they were just learning to speak the language. Many others, who weren’t immigrants, were unable to read and write.