Tag Archives: Rulau

The Fenian Brotherhood Token of 1866

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Shortly before the American Civil War, an Irish nationalist militia was formed in the United States. Founded by Irish immigrants John O’Mahony and Michael Doheny, it was known as the Irish Republican Brotherhood. Situated as an arm of the Ireland-based Irish Republican Brotherhood, it was an organization whose goal was the re-establishment (more…)

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The Umbrella & Parasol Tokens of William Drown

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During the 19th century Philadelphia was the umbrella and parasol capital of the United States. Unlike the inexpensive contraptions we take for granted today, during the 19th century the manufacture of these devices required skilled labor capable of crafting intricate components …

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The Elgin National Watch Father Time Tokens

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Incorporated in August 1864, the National Watch Company was founded in Chicago Illinois as a joint partnership consisting of Chicago’s Mayor and six other men. A month later, the partners began recruiting master clockmakers from throughout the country to join the new venture.  Seven watchmakers (more…)

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The Johns Hopkins Colored Orphan Asylum Token

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Johns Hopkins, a Quaker and a strong proponent of abolition, was a Baltimore businessman who made his fortune in business as well as in the railroads. Upon his death, it was Hopkins’ intent that the bulk of his fortune be used to establish a Baltimore hospital and university. In addition, he also earmarked (more…)

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A Sampling of Blue Lick Water Tokens

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In 1770s Kentucky, Blue Lick Springs began its commercial life being used as a source of salt from its trickling streams of saline water. Located above the southern bank of the Licking River, the springs were situated in Nicholas county, across from Robertson county. Within a few years, more productive salt works came online (more…)

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14 Recommended Token & Exonumia References

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The old adage “Buy the book before you buy the coin” most certainly applies for those who wish to pursue tokens and exonumia. While there are vast quantities of books which have been published that address U.S. Federal emissions, comparatively very few references exist which address tokens (more…)

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Baltimore’s Schuetzen Park & Its Tokens

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German-Americans living in 19th century Baltimore, many of whom had just recently emigrated to the United States, pooled their resources, raised funds, and established a Schuetzen Verein just outside the city’s border in the 1850s. (more…)

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Jacob Rech’s Carriages & Wagons Centennial Token

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Born in Germany on May 10, 1828, Jacob Rech began his career as a blacksmith, starting out as an apprentice when he was just a boy. At the age of 15, Rech found his way to the United States, and settled in Philadelphia. (more…)

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The Various Numismatic Rarity Scales

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There exist multiple scales for measuring relative rarities of various numismatic specimens. At glance they may appear cumbersome, redundant, and somewhat complicated. However, the scales weren’t invented to confuse collectors. (more…)

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The W.W. Wilbur Auctioneer Tokens, Charleston SC

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William W. Wilbur is infamous for having been an auctioneer who owned and operated a mercantile during the pre-Civil War […]

The Fenian Brotherhood Token of 1866

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Shortly before the American Civil War, an Irish nationalist militia was formed in the United States. Founded by Irish immigrants […]

The Tyson’s Telegraph Line & Its Tokens

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The Tyson & Company omnibus service operated in New York City in the mid-18th century. The company operated several routes, […]

New York’s Castle Garden Concert Hall & Token

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Situated at the southernmost tip of Manhattan, Fort Clinton was erected as defensive countermeasure to British forces as the threat […]

Henry Miller & His Winter Garden Tokens

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Born in Lobenstein Germany on April 2, 1820, Henry Miller emigrated to the United States on July 1st 1845.  Upon […]