Tag Archives: hard times

14 Recommended Token & Exonumia References

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The old adage “Buy the book before you buy the coin” most certainly applies for those who wish to pursue tokens and exonumia. While there are vast quantities of books which have been published that address U.S. Federal emissions, comparatively very few references exist which address tokens (more…)

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VOTE THE LAND / FREE Token

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Historically, numismatic researchers such as Rulau, Brunk, and others have attributed the VOTE THE LAND / FREE token to the Free Soil Party, which was a political movement that believed in the precondition that all new states admitted (more…)

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The Various Numismatic Rarity Scales

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There exist multiple scales for measuring relative rarities of various numismatic specimens. At glance they may appear cumbersome, redundant, and somewhat complicated. However, the scales weren’t invented to confuse collectors. (more…)

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The Feuchtwanger Cent – Attribution & Die Marriages

Feuchtwanger’s Composition Cent – Attribution & Die Marriages

After the panic of 1837 and the subsequent 5 year depression thereafter known as the Hard Times, Lewis Feuchtwanger, a pharmacist, issued tokens made of German Silver, an alloy primarily made of copper, nickel, tin, and zinc. (more…)

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The W.W. Wilbur Auctioneer Tokens, Charleston SC

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William W. Wilbur is infamous for having been an auctioneer who owned and operated a mercantile during the pre-Civil War […]

The Fenian Brotherhood Token of 1866

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Shortly before the American Civil War, an Irish nationalist militia was formed in the United States. Founded by Irish immigrants […]

The Tyson’s Telegraph Line & Its Tokens

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The Tyson & Company omnibus service operated in New York City in the mid-18th century. The company operated several routes, […]

New York’s Castle Garden Concert Hall & Token

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Situated at the southernmost tip of Manhattan, Fort Clinton was erected as defensive countermeasure to British forces as the threat […]

Henry Miller & His Winter Garden Tokens

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Born in Lobenstein Germany on April 2, 1820, Henry Miller emigrated to the United States on July 1st 1845.  Upon […]