Tag Archives: hard times

14 Recommended Token & Exonumia References

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The old adage “Buy the book before you buy the coin” most certainly applies for those who wish to pursue tokens and exonumia. While there are vast quantities of books which have been published that address U.S. Federal emissions, comparatively very few references exist which address tokens (more…)

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VOTE THE LAND / FREE Token

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Historically, numismatic researchers such as Rulau, Brunk, and others have attributed the VOTE THE LAND / FREE token to the Free Soil Party, which was a political movement that believed in the precondition that all new states admitted (more…)

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The Various Numismatic Rarity Scales

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There exist multiple scales for measuring relative rarities of various numismatic specimens. At glance they may appear cumbersome, redundant, and somewhat complicated. However, the scales weren’t invented to confuse collectors. (more…)

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The Feuchtwanger Cent – Attribution & Die Marriages

Feuchtwanger’s Composition Cent – Attribution & Die Marriages

After the panic of 1837 and the subsequent 5 year depression thereafter known as the Hard Times, Lewis Feuchtwanger, a pharmacist, issued tokens made of German Silver, an alloy primarily made of copper, nickel, tin, and zinc. (more…)

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The W.W. Wilbur Auctioneer Tokens, Charleston SC

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William W. Wilbur is infamous for having been an auctioneer who owned and operated a mercantile during the pre-Civil War […]

Our Nation’s First Interstate & Its Toll Tokens

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Our nation’s first interstate, the National Road, traversed through Pennsylvania, Ohio, West Virginia, and Maryland. It was the United States’ first fully […]

Attributing the N.C. Folger Tokens of New Orleans

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Of the many token varieties listed in Wright, Miller, and Rulau, few are as difficult to attribute than the merchant […]

The Provincial Token Coinage of the 18th Century

The Provincial Token-Coinage of the 18th Century by Dalton & Hamer

Dalton & Hamer’s Provincial Token-Coinage of the 18th Century. Published 1910. An illustrative guide that covers Conder tokens throughout the […]

The Tyson’s Telegraph Line & Its Tokens

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The Tyson & Company omnibus service operated in New York City in the mid-18th century. The company operated several routes, […]