Tag Archives: coppers

Scotland’s Deanston Cotton Mill Tokens

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Finished in 1785, the Deanston Cotton Mill in Pirthshire, Scotland was built alongside the River Teith to harness the river’s power. Before modern automation, child labor laws and safety regulations, in its early years very young children worked at the factory …

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The Machin’s Mills Counterfeit Halfpence

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Operating in total secrecy, the mint was located in upstate New York, about 60 miles north of New York City. Most of its minting activities were done at night, under cover of darkness. Despite this, the number of counterfeits that the clandestine mint struck were prolific …

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Johann “John” Marr – Civil War Token Engraver

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Born in Germany on September 9th 1832, Johan “John’ Marr entered the engraving business at a very young age.  Young, destitute, and barely a teenager, Marr found himself forced to live with a jeweler and engraver. In exchange for room and board, Marr was hired to care for the jeweler’s property. Over time, the jeweler […]

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The Various Numismatic Rarity Scales

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There exist multiple scales for measuring relative rarities of various numismatic specimens. At glance they may appear cumbersome, redundant, and somewhat complicated. However, the scales weren’t invented to confuse collectors. (more…)

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The W.W. Wilbur Auctioneer Tokens, Charleston SC

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William W. Wilbur is infamous for having been an auctioneer who owned and operated a mercantile during the pre-Civil War […]

Our Nation’s First Interstate & Its Toll Tokens

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Our nation’s first interstate, the National Road, traversed through Pennsylvania, Ohio, West Virginia, and Maryland. It was the United States’ first fully […]

Attributing the N.C. Folger Tokens of New Orleans

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Of the many token varieties listed in Wright, Miller, and Rulau, few are as difficult to attribute than the merchant […]

The Provincial Token Coinage of the 18th Century

The Provincial Token-Coinage of the 18th Century by Dalton & Hamer

Dalton & Hamer’s Provincial Token-Coinage of the 18th Century. Published 1910. An illustrative guide that covers Conder tokens throughout the […]

The Fenian Brotherhood Token of 1866

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Shortly before the American Civil War, an Irish nationalist militia was formed in the United States. Founded by Irish immigrants […]