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Attributing the 1788 Barbadoes Coppers

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There exists very little documentation about the 1788 Barbadoes copper penny emissions. What does exist is scant, and from a diagnostic perspective, it is quite difficult to casually and easily attribute a specific variety when an example is encountered …

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The Machin’s Mills Counterfeit Halfpence

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Operating in total secrecy, the mint was located in upstate New York, about 60 miles north of New York City. Most of its minting activities were done at night, under cover of darkness. Despite this, the number of counterfeits that the clandestine mint struck were prolific …

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Attributing the N.C. Folger Tokens of New Orleans

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Of the many token varieties listed in Wright, Miller, and Rulau, few are as difficult to attribute than the merchant token emissions of Nathan C. Folger. Collectors will find that this is not because the emissions consist of a vast number of obscure differences, but rather because the aforementioned authors did an incredibly confusing job […]

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Index of Mossin & Marr’s Patriotic Civil War Tokens

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Below is a comprehensive index of Mossin & Marr’s Patriotic Civil War dies. In addition to being used as Patriotics, the dies were utilized as “stock” reverses for many of Mossin & Marr’s storecards.  A total of five stock dies have been identified (more…)

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Index of Mossin & Marr’s Civil War Storecards

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Below is a comprehensive index of Mossin & Marr’s Store Card emissions and dies. In addition to being used as storecards, many of the reverse dies were also utilized as “stock” for many of Mossin & Marr’s Civil War Patriotics.  (more…)

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The 18th Century Coinage Emissions of William Wood

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William Wood was a person of considerable wealth and financial standing. Throughout the west of England, he owned numerous profitable iron and copper mines. Known as a shrewd businessman, in addition to his ventures in mining (more…)

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Johann “John” Marr – Civil War Token Engraver

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Born in Germany on September 9th 1832, Johan “John’ Marr entered the engraving business at a very young age.  Young, destitute, and barely a teenager, Marr found himself forced to live with a jeweler and engraver. In exchange for room and board, Marr was hired to care for the jeweler’s property. Over time, the jeweler […]

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Civil War Token Engravers Mossin & Marr

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During the midst of the Civil War, engravers and die-smiths Mossin and Marr of Milwaukee Wisconsin were responsible for producing many of Wisconsin’s Civil War Tokens. Representative of their talent and beautiful work (more…)

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Richard Trested’s Tokens & His Die-Sinking Legacy

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On or about the early 1820s Richard Trested, an English immigrant, established a die-sinking business at 70 William Street in New York City†. For approximately eight years thereafter, Trested operated his die-sinking business (more…)

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The Mysterious Blacksmith Tokens of North America

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In 1910 Howland Wood published an article in The Numismatist entitled ‘The Canadian Blacksmith Coppers.’ Blacksmith Coppers are contemporary counterfeits of evasion tokens, produced from the early 19th century until about the 1840’s. (more…)

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The W.W. Wilbur Auctioneer Tokens, Charleston SC

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William W. Wilbur is infamous for having been an auctioneer who owned and operated a mercantile during the pre-Civil War […]

The Fenian Brotherhood Token of 1866

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Shortly before the American Civil War, an Irish nationalist militia was formed in the United States. Founded by Irish immigrants […]

The Tyson’s Telegraph Line & Its Tokens

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The Tyson & Company omnibus service operated in New York City in the mid-18th century. The company operated several routes, […]

New York’s Castle Garden Concert Hall & Token

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Situated at the southernmost tip of Manhattan, Fort Clinton was erected as defensive countermeasure to British forces as the threat […]

Henry Miller & His Winter Garden Tokens

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Born in Lobenstein Germany on April 2, 1820, Henry Miller emigrated to the United States on July 1st 1845.  Upon […]